NSW HSC Year 12 Physics complete notes of all 4 modules. Created in 2022, 127 page notes helped me get a Band 6 result with a rank. Graphs are included.

• Class Year
• 2022
• Band 6
• Number of Pages
• 127
• Staff Rating
• 5/5

### Notes Preview

These notes cover the following topics and subtopics of HSC Year 12 Physics.

• Projectile Motion
• Galileo’s Analysis of Projectile Motion
• Projectile Motion Equations
• Projectile Motion Variables
• Tips & Tricks
• Circular Motion
• Introduction
• Uniform Circular Motion
• Average speed
• Angular Velocity
• Centripetal Acceleration
• Centripetal Force
• Centripetal vs Centrifugal
• Complex Circular Motion
• Conical Pendulum
• Banked Curves
• Vertical Circular Motion
• Energy & Work
• Work
• Torque
• Motion in Gravitational Fields
• Newton’s Law of Universal Gravitation
• Gravitational Field
• Gravitational Field Strength
• Variations in the Gravitational Field Strength
• Satellites
• Newton’s Thought Experiment
• Requirements for Orbit
• Properties of Orbit
• Centripetal acceleration
• Orbital Period (T)
• Orbital Velocity
• Method
• Method
• Types of Orbit
• Keplar’s Third Law
• Gravitational Potential Energy
• Mechanical Energy in a Gravitational Field
• Newton’s Thought Experiment Revisited
• Escape Velocity
• Definitions
• Formulas

### Electromagnetism

• Charged Particles: Conductors, Electric & Magnetic Fields
• Electric Fields
• Electric Fields Between ll Plates
• Work in Electric Fields
• Comparing Gravitational Fields & Electric Fields
• Trajectory of a Charged Particle in an Electric Field vs a Projectile in a Gravitational Field
• Projectile Motion Equations
• Vertical
• Horizontal
• The Effect of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field
• Right Hand Palm Rule
• The Effect of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field
• The Effect of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field
• Motor Effect
• Introduction
• Carrying Conductors – Force Between Parallel Current
• Defining the Ampere
• Electromagnetic Induction
• Introduction
• Magnetic Flux
• Lenz’s Law
• Case Studies:
• Applying Lenz’s Law to a Coil
• Eddy Current
• Determining the Direction of Eddy Currents
• Good Method
• Transformers
• Types of Transformers
• Step-up Transformers
• Step-down Transformers
• Applications of Transformers
• Power Loss in Transmission Lines
• Applications of Transformers
• Limitations of Transformers
• Resistive Heat Production
• ▪ Solutions:
• Electromagnetic Braking
• Applications of Motor Effect
• DC Motors
• Components of a DC Motor:
• Operation of a DC Motor
• Torque
• Torque in a DC Motor
• Back EMF
• Significance of Back EMF
• When there is n load:
• When a load is introduced:
• Generators
• AC Generator:
• DC Generator:
• AC Induction Motors
• Structure of an AC induction Motor
• Operation of an AC Induction Motor
• AC Induction Motor
• Definitions
• Formulas

### The Nature of Light

• Electromagnetic Spectrum
• Prediction of EM Waves
• Measuring the Speed of Light
• Electromagnetic Wave Spectrum
• Spectra
• Types of Spectrum
• Spectrology
• Emission Spectrum
• Exploring Electromagnetic Spectrum
• Stellar Spectra
• Continuous Spectrum
• Stellar Temperature
• Translational Velocity
• Rotational Velocity
• Chemical Composition
• The Wave Model of Light
• Huygens’ Principle
• Light Diffraction
• Path Difference
• Interference
• Young’s Double Slit Experiment
• Bandwidth
• Diffraction Grating
• Polarisation
• Polarisers
• Malus’ Law
• The Quantum Model of Light
• Classical Predications of Blackbody
• The Quantum Theory
• The Quantisation of Energy
• Analogy for Classical Physics
• Analogy for Quantum Physics
• Einstein’s Particle Theory of Light
• The Electron-Volt
• Hertz’s Experiments
• The Photoelectric Effect
• Prediction Based on the Wave Properties of Light
• Actual Observations
• The Photoelectric Effect (Continuation)
• Light & Special Relativity
• Galilean Experiment
• Galilean Relativity
• Relative Velocity
• Light in Inertial Frames
• Aether
• Michelson & Morley Experiment
• Einstein’s Thought Experiment
• Consequences of Special Relativity
• Relativity of Time
• Relativity of Length
• Relativistic Momentum
• Particle Accelerators
• Mass – Energy Equivalence
• Relativistic Mass
• Antiparticle Annihilation
• Nuclear Reactions
• Definitions
• Formulas
• Electromagnetic Spectrum
• The Wave Model of Light
• The Quantum Model of Light
• Light & Special Relativity

### The Universe of Atoms

• Chemistry Revision
• Isotopes
• Properties of the Nucleus
• Introduction
• The Strong Nuclear Force
• Zone of Nuclear Stability
• Nuclear Fission
• Fermi’s Observation
• Chain Reactions
• Controlled Chain Reactions
• Uncontrolled Chain Reactions
• Nuclear Fusion
• Mass Defect & Binding Energy
• Binding Energy Per Nucleon
• Energy in Nuclear Reactions
• The Origins of the Elements
• Introduction
• Theories of the Universe
• The Expanding Universe
• Hubble’s Law
• The Big Bang
• The Singularity
• Inflation & Energy Dominant Period
• Recombination
• Accretion
• Stars
• Lifestyle of a Star
• Star Surface Temperature
• Star Luminosity
• Hertzsprung – Russel Diagram
• Mass Energy Equivalence
• Nuclear Fusion
• Other Measurements of Stars
• The Structure of the Atom
• Introduction
• Dalton’s Atomic Model
• Cathode Rays & The Electron
• JJ Thomson’s Experiment
• The Oil Drop Experiment
• Thomson Atomic Model
• Rutherford Atomic Model
• The Proton
• The Neutron
• Quantum Mechanical Nature of the Atom
• Introduction
• Balmer Series & Rydberg’s Equation
• Bohr’s Atomic Model
• Limitations of Bohr’s Model
• Wave-Particle Duality of Light
• De Broglie’s Matter Wave
• Davisson & Germer’s Experiment
• Standing Waves
• Impact of De Broglie’s Matter Wave
• The Uncertain Nature of Matter
• Schrodinger’s Atomic Model
• Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle
• Schrodinger’s Cat Though Experiment
• Deep Inside the Atom
• Introduction
• The Particle Zoo
• The Standard Model
• Quarks
• Leptons
• Gauge Bosons
• Evidence for the Standard Model
• Higgs Bosons
• Definitions
• Formulas
• Properties of the Nucleus
• The Origins of the Elements
• The Structure of the Atom
• Quantum Mechanical Nature of the Atom